According to the National Kidney and Urological Disease Information Clearinghouse, the most common prostate problem for men over 50 is prostate enlargement. With regular checkups once a year or more often, doctors can watch for early problems and signs that the condition is posing a health risk or a major inconvenience. What's best for a man in his 50s might not be optimal for an 80-year-old. Sometimes a stent shifts position, which can worsen the symptoms. "They have a significant change in symptoms, and side effects are very uncommon … so medications are an attractive treatment. The procedure involves an electrical loop that cuts tissue and seals blood vessels. He points to a recent "very nicely done" randomized study that found palmetto was no more effective than a placebo in relieving BPH symptoms. In some cases, men experience painful urination or have frequent urinary tract infections. Though what causes the prostate to enlarge uncommon, prostate cancer can be seen in men even in their 30's and 40's. "For many men, medications are very effective," Westney tells WebMD. Most doctors suggest using TURP whenever surgery is what causes the prostate to enlarge required, as it is less traumatic than open surgery and requires shorter recovery time. Each works differently, says Westney. It involves heating the tissue with high-frequency radiowaves transmitted by needles inserted directly into the prostate (some anesthesia is used). They either shrink the enlarged prostate or stop the prostate cell growth, she explains. An older man may want immediate symptom relief through drugs or surgery, whereas a younger man may lean toward a minimally invasive treatment. For most men with very enlarged prostates, surgery can relieve symptoms -- but there are what causes the prostate to enlarge both risks and benefits with each type of operation. what causes the prostate to enlarge The minimally invasive treatments have benefits over surgery, like quick recovery time; however, you may need a second procedure later on. Now, in treatment, we're working on quality of life issues… reducing side effects of treatment. Most importantly -- talk to signs and symptom of kidney stones your doctor before you try an herbal remedy. "It lets us know how high the symptom score is … when to start treatment. They are most effective for men with normal to moderately enlarged prostate glands. After a careful evaluation of your situation and your general medical condition, your doctor will recommend which is best for you. That's where the BPH Index is especially helpful, Westney tells WebMD. The procedure does not require a hospital stay. " It's a problem that has several names -- enlarged prostate, benign prostate hyperplasia, or simply BPH. There is also less risk of serious side effects like long-term incontinence or erection problems -- which can occur rarely with surgery. Enlarged Prostate Symptoms and Causes 5-Alpha reductase inhibitors: These drugs can partially shrink the prostate by reducing levels of a male hormone -- dihydrotestosterone (DHT) -- which is involved what causes the prostate to enlarge in prostate growth. However, other studies have found it to be as effective as Proscar, a BPH medication. Men with a family history of prostate cancer are more likely to develop causes of gastritis and duodenitis prostate cancer than the general population. There could be serious side effects, and some men find that stents don't improve their symptoms. Surgery for an Enlarged Prostate Prostate cancer affects mainly older men. Many doctors consider alternative therapies like saw palmetto to "have no effect on symptoms, except as expensive placebos," Slawin tells WebMD. By age 60, over one-half of men have signs and symptoms of atrial fibrillation BPH; by age 85, the number climbs to 90%, according to the American Urological Association (AUA). " TURP (transurethral resection of the prostate): This is the most common surgery for an enlarged prostate, and considered to bring the greatest reduction in symptoms. Six out of ten cases are diagnosed in men over 65, but less than 1% in men under 50. According to the American Urological Association, surgery often does the best job of relieving symptoms, but it also has more risks than other treatments. Researchers continue to investigate new therapies for enlarged prostates. Varying quality of herbal products (dosages, ingredients, or purity) may account for the conflicting results, researchers say. "Saw palmetto does not work," Slawin tells WebMD. Also, many studies of herbals have not been well-controlled. Medications for an Enlarged Prostate. Discuss them with your doctor. These drugs take longer to work than alpha blockers, but there is urine flow improvement after three months. Stents are expensive, and there can be difficulty in removing them. The size of your prostate gland, your age, and your overall health will also factor into treatment decisions. These drugs can reduce risk of acute retention (inability to urinate) -- and also reduce the need for prostate surgery. "We've come a long way in treating BPH. natural remedy for kidney failure Several drugs are FDA-approved to relieve common symptoms of what causes the prostate to enlarge an enlarged prostate. These drugs work quickly, so symptoms improve within a day or two. Only the tissue growth that is pressing against the urethra is removed to allow urine to flow easily. It's no longer the life-threatening disease it once was. " If symptoms are really bothersome -- or if you have complications like urine retention -- it may be what causes the prostate to enlarge best to bypass medication. "Another what are the causes of diabetes category of drugs is under development," says Slawin. Alpha blockers: These drugs don't reduce the size of the prostate, but they are very effective at relieving symptoms. TUNA (transurethral radio frequency needle ablation): This procedure also destroys prostate tissue to improve urine flow and relieve symptoms. They work by relaxing the muscles around the prostate and bladder neck, so urine can flow more easily. Before trying any alternative treatment, learn as much as you can about it, the AUA says. Possible side effects include painful, urgent, or frequent urination for a few weeks. You may need to take them for 6 to 12 months to see if they work.